XML to JSON Outbound Policy

Parses XML and converts it to JSON. This policy is useful for converting legacy XML or SOAP APIs into modern REST APIs. It can be useful to add a custom outbound policy that runs after this policy to further transform the raw converted content into something more user friendly.


The configuration shows how to configure the policy in the 'policies.json' document.

{ "name": "my-xml-to-json-outbound-policy", "policyType": "xml-to-json-outbound", "handler": { "export": "XmlToJsonOutboundPolicy", "module": "$import(@zuplo/runtime)", "options": { "attributeNamePrefix": "@_", "ignoreAttributes": true, "ignoreDeclarations": true, "ignoreProcessingInstructions": true, "parseOnStatusCodes": "200-299", "removeNSPrefix": true, "stopNodes": [ "root.a", "*.accounts" ], "textNodeName": "#text", "trimValues": true } } }

Policy Configuration

  • name <string> - The name of your policy instance. This is used as a reference in your routes.
  • policyType <string> - The identifier of the policy. This is used by the Zuplo UI. Value should be xml-to-json-outbound.
  • handler.export <string> - The name of the exported type. Value should be XmlToJsonOutboundPolicy.
  • handler.module <string> - The module containing the policy. Value should be $import(@zuplo/runtime).
  • handler.options <object> - The options for this policy. See Policy Options below.

Policy Options

The options for this policy are specified below. All properties are optional unless specifically marked as required.

  • removeNSPrefix <boolean> -
    Remove namespace string from tag and attribute names.
    Defaults to true.
  • ignoreProcessingInstructions <boolean> -
    Ignore processing instruction tags. i.e. <?elementnames <fred>, <bert>, <harry> ?>.
    Defaults to true.
  • ignoreDeclarations <boolean> -
    Ignore declarations. i.e. <?xml version="1.0"?>.
    Defaults to true.
  • ignoreAttributes <boolean> -
    Ignore tag attributes.
    Defaults to true.
  • stopNodes <string[]> -
    At particular point, if you don't want to parse a tag and it's nested tags then you can set their path in stopNodes. You can also set tags which should not be processed irrespective of their path using * as the wildcard.
  • attributeNamePrefix <string> -
    The prefix of attribute names in the resulting JS object.
    Defaults to "@_".
  • textNodeName <string> -
    Text value of a tag is parsed to #text property by default.
    Defaults to "#text".
  • trimValues <boolean> -
    Remove surrounding whitespace from tag or attribute value.
    Defaults to true.
  • parseOnStatusCodes <string | number[]> -
    A list of status codes and ranges "200-299, 304" that should the XML parser should run on. If not set, the parser will run on all status codes.

Using the Policy

This policy can help expose legacy XML or SOAP APIs using modern JSON REST APIs. The policy is configurable in ways that make it easier to strip parts of the XML document that you are unlikely to use, such as processing instructions, namespaces, or directives. The default options for this policy will generally give you a fairly clean output. However, it is likely that the output of the raw conversion is still not in the best format.

The best way to clean up the output of your XML is first, run this policy, then add a custom code outbound policy that further reshapes the JSON data structure. An example policy that cleans up a SOAP response is shown below.

SOAP Response
<soap:Envelope xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"> <soap:Body> <m:ListOfCurrenciesByNameResponse xmlns:m="http://www.oorsprong.org/websamples.countryinfo"> <m:ListOfCurrenciesByNameResult> <m:tCurrency> <m:sISOCode>USD</m:sISOCode> <m:sName>Dollar</m:sName> </m:tCurrency> <m:tCurrency> <m:sISOCode>EUR</m:sISOCode> <m:sName>Euro</m:sName> </m:tCurrency> </m:ListOfCurrenciesByNameResult> </m:ListOfCurrenciesByNameResponse> </soap:Body> </soap:Envelope>

The code in the policy below takes the output (response.json()) of the XML to JSON Outbound policy and reshapes it to a simple JSON structure.

import { ZuploContext, ZuploRequest } from "@zuplo/runtime"; export default async function cleanSoapBody( response: Response, request: ZuploRequest, context: ZuploContext ) { const soap = await response.json(); const data: { isoCode: string; name: string }[] = soap.Envelope.Body.ListOfCurrenciesByNameResponse.ListOfCurrenciesByNameResult.tCurrency.map( (c) => ({ isoCode: c.sISOCode, name: c.sName, }) ); return new Response(JSON.stringify({ total: data.length, data }), { headers: response.headers, status: response.status, statusText: response.statusText, }); } ``;

The JSON response of your API would then be a easily consumable JSON object.

JSON Response
{ "total": 2, "data": [ { "isoCode": "USD", "name": "Dollar" }, { "isoCode": "EUR", "name": "Euro" } ] }

Read more about how policies work

Set Status Code